Midsummer Theory: Each character’s death represents one of the four elements

Ari Aster’s Folk Horror Film midsummer Filled with an abundance of ambiguous symbolism, to the extent that the death of the main character is of particular fundamental importance. A theory about deaths Midsummer, specifically, Turns out that each side character’s death represents the four elements: Earth, Fire, Water and Air. While Dani Ardor (Florence Pughe) and her relationship with Christian (Jack Raynor) is the primary focus of the film, their friends, and the people they meet. mid summer festival in sweden Equally important for their structure. His death marks an even deeper connection to the Earth for the Horga cult, whose religious-cultural practices are somewhat steeped in pagan doctrines.


In recent years, Folk terror has become increasingly popular Developing, as a genre, as a mode of transmitting culturally rich stories of various types and degrees, as evidenced in films Witch And ritual. From the release of Joko Anwar’s recent Indonesian folk horror film impetigore for the remake of lake of death The folk horror sub-genre has been praised in the 21st century for its ability to contain such unique stories. Aster’s film is strongly influenced by the history of mid-summer festivals in Sweden, which were held to prevent damage to the seasonal harvest and periods of fertility. midsummer Dani follows Christian, Josh (William Jackson Harper), and Mark (Will Poulter) who travels with his colleague Pele (Wilhelm Blomgren) to attend a cultural festival with their ancestral commune. When the sun shines as the day goes on, a darkness descends on the characters, as each of them begins to leave or disappear under strange circumstances.

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To understand why the fundamental principle works, it is important to acknowledge the fact that the people of the Horga cult share a strong connection with Earth and nature. Their entire mid-summer tradition serves the purpose of ensuring that they will have a bountiful harvest, healthy livestock, an abundance of food resources, and a growing community with new births. Their insistence on making sure that they are giving back what they take from Earth is enough to validate the theory that the deaths of Josh, Mark, Connie, and Simon symbolize the four elements – which is why the theory Totally commendable.

Josh’s death represents the earth

midsummer josho

Later The sacred text of the Harga cult, Ruby Radro disappears, the blame for the disappearance is entirely on Josh. Before being charged, he had completed his Ph.D. While taking theses photos, he is hit on the head by a member of the Harga cult, while a man wearing Mark’s face stares at him. While this particular scene in itself does not imply any fundamental symbolism, Josh’s demise is the result of his unhealthy curiosity, based on ignoring the rules of the commune, for which he is brutally punished. It is also interesting to note that Josh’s fate remains unknown until the final fifteen minutes of the film when Christian escapes from the building. he just had sex with maja.

As Christian runs to a small barn, he sees Josh’s foot affixed to a garden plot, with a Swedish rune engraved on the bottom of his foot. This specific rune is known as Anuzu Rune, which represents the transmission of intelligence and knowledge. While Josh was killed for his campaign towards achieving his goal of gaining as much information as possible about the traditions of the Haraga cult, his death represents the Earth rather than the selfishness of intellectual gain. His body is buried under fresh filth, and his leg sticks out of it like a plant. It embodies what the Hargas hopes to achieve with their mid-summer festivities: give back to the earth and be rewarded with bountiful crops as a result. In this instance, Josh’s foot represents the sacrifice of his body for a bountiful harvest, along with the fact that no outsider is considered worthy of forbidden knowledge within the boundaries of the cult.

Mark’s Death Represents Fire

midsummer mark

Horgus kills Mark when he accidentally urinates on his sacred ancestral tree, an act that is largely interpreted as guilt and humiliation from the point of view of the cult. As Mark’s death is not immediately established as he is missing halfway through the film after being summoned by a Horga girl, it is revealed much later during Josh’s final scene with Ruby Raider. Mark’s death was foreshadowed somewhat in the early scenes of midsummer, as is a direct reference to the subsequent peeling of baby Mark’s skin playing “Skin the Fool”, due to the incredibly silly act of urinating on a sacred artifact. When the final yagya scene is in progress towards the end, his body is filled with grass and placed in a handcart.

related: What the ominous final shot of midsummer really means for Danny

Considering these chains of events, the specific way in which his body is staged indicates that Mark represents the element of fire, as grass burns much faster than flesh. Therefore, it is entirely plausible that Horgus chose to stomp her and then fill her body with grass, but there is no point in representing fire to her death. However, it would make more logical sense if Christian’s brown demise was representative of this element, as the final shot in the triangular building shows him engulfed in flames. On the other hand, if it is factual that the deaths of each of the side characters represent an element, then Mark must be set on fire.

Connie’s death represents water

midsummer connie

NS The truth of what happened to Connie When she attempted to run away from a mid-summer festival with Simon, she has been a major point of discussion. While viewers see the physical bodies of every other character before the final scene, she doesn’t reappearance in a wheelbarrow – until the very end. As she enters the building, her body is blue, wet and covered with seaweed. It is clear that she was drowned by the Horga members and left in the water until they needed to use her for a proper ritual. Therefore, Connie’s death is a clear representation of the water and a possible reference to the fact that her refusal to accept the ways of the commune literally exited her body through death by drowning.

Simon’s death represents the wind

midsummer simon

Of every side character’s death, Simon’s death is the most disturbing. After Christian sees Josh’s foot in the garden, he takes refuge in a small barn where he discovers that Simon’s body is hanging from the ceiling. The skin on his back is peeled from his muscles and positioned to look like bird feathers, analogous to the Blood Eagle method of execution and torture. This kind of torture method is mentioned in great detail in Norse poetry, and it is so interesting to note that even his eyes are removed and replaced with flowers. Perhaps the most disturbing part of Simon’s death is that he is actually alive when Christian finds him. It is very subtle, but his chest can be seen rising and falling with each painful breath he takes. In conjunction with his body hanging from the ceiling, the wings made of skin on his back, as well as his constant breathing, Simon represents the wind.

Although the deaths of each of these characters seem to be related to an element, it does not appear to be related to who they are as individuals, which would make the theory more convincing. For example, if Simon had asthma or Connie expressed a deep fear of drowning, his primal death would make more sense. Nonetheless, this theory renders their presence at the mid-summer festival with a purpose more than just being invited. it may be that Harga farmers needed them To offer sacrifices to the four elements in the form of killings akin to earth, fire, air and water, which is a standard ritual element when invoking the elements. Ultimately, it’s entirely plausible that Josh, Mark, Connie, and Simon die midsummer There were signs of a specific element that the members of the Haraga cult had chosen to appease the earth or to fulfill a larger tradition or ritual.

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