longest place name in europe

On the island of Anglesey on the north-west coast of Wales, across the Menai Strait, there is a small village with a big name: Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch either llanfairpwll In short.

With 58 characters, it is the longest place name in Europe and the second longest one-word place name in the world.

Famous sign in Llanfairpwll’s police station. photo: Rob Koster / Wikimedia

The original name of the city was pwlguingil, which is still untraceable, but at least it was small. It was one of two townships that made up the parish, the other being Trephorian. In the middle of the 16th century, the name of the town was recorded as Llanfair y pwlgwingyl, which meant “St. Mary’s Church of the Pwlgvingil”. The township name was suffixed with the name of the church to distinguish the parish from the many other sites dedicated to Mary in Wales.

The city’s current tall name was coined as a joke in 1869 in an attempt to give the city’s railway station the longest name of any railway station in Britain. According to Welsh academician Sir John Morris-Jones, the name was coined by a local tailor but he did not name the person.

longest hill
lake chargoggagogmanchaoggagogchoubungmaug

In English, the name translates to “Saint”. St. Mary’s Church in White Hazel’s Hollow near the rapid whirlpool and St. Tysilio’s Church near the Red Cave. “The name is very specific. It refers to the whirlpool in the Menai Strait known as the Svelies and refers to the small chapel of St. Tisilio located on a nearby island. The final “Red Cave” is believed to be an addition inspired by the Cardiganshire parish of Landislioggo, rather than any local features.

The name itself attracts about 200,000 visitors per year. The most popular attraction is the Lallanfairpalle railway station which has a plate with the full name of the village.


St. Mary’s Church in Llanfairpwll. Photo: Necrothesp/Wikimedia

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