colors of hormuz island

The island of Hormuz, about 8 km from the mainland, near the Iranian coast in the Persian Gulf, is a small, teardrop-shaped mound of rock salt, gypsum, and anhydrite. Its location in the middle of the strait of the same name, as it pinches against the mainland, allowed the island of Hormuz to develop into a major trading port, which it remained for many centuries. But its heyday as a strategic outpost is long over. Today, the island’s biggest attraction is not traders but tourists.

Photo: Lucas Bischoff | dreamstime.com

The island of Hormuz is a geological marvel. The entire island is a salt dome that rose up through undulating layers of rock. Rock salt, or halite, is weak and buoyant, so it loses its brittleness and flows like a liquid under high pressure. The rising mass is not purely of salt. Within it are layers of volcanic rock rich in clays, carbonates, shale, and iron, some of which have assumed brilliant shades of red, yellow, and orange as they moved upwards and removed water and minerals from other rock layers. converse with.

The most prominent of these colors is the ocher red which is found everywhere from beaches to rough cliffs. Natives called it golak, and they exploit the clay for artistic and culinary purposes. The sands of the island of Hormuz have been used for paint, cosmetics, ceramic tiles and the exterior of buildings. The local people of Hormozgan province also bake a bread called “tomashi”. One of the ingredients of this bread is colored clay from the island of Hormuz.

The island of Hormuz is extremely dry, with no fresh water, no vegetation, and extremely hot in summer. The island’s only permanent residents are fishermen and those who mined the island’s rock salt and ocher red clay.

hormuz island

Satellite photo of the island of Hormuz. Photo: NASA

hormuz island

Photo: Lucas Bischoff | dreamstime.com

hormuz island

Photo: Lucas Bischoff | dreamstime.com

hormuz island

Photo: Lucas Bischoff | dreamstime.com

hormuz island

Photo: Lucas Bischoff | dreamstime.com

hormuz island

Photo: Lucas Bischoff | dreamstime.com

hormuz island

Photo: Lucas Bischoff | dreamstime.com

hormuz island

Photo: Vladimir Grigorov | dreamstime.com

hormuz island

Photo: Vladimir Grigorov | dreamstime.com

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